Several layers of 3M electrostatic materials capture particles like a magnet. As particles adhere to the filters, the charged area increases and enhances its filtration capabilities.
The size of contaminants and particles are usually described in microns. There are 25,400 microns in one inch. When airborne, the Condensation Effect significantly increases the typical size of most particles. The size in the following chart is the “dry” particle size. The very smallest particulates take on H2O, increasing their perceived size by minimally 80% and as much as 1000% or even more dependent on conditions. For example, a 2.5μm size particle dry will be filtered wet at approximately 4.5 μm minimum in size or larger.
Common Particle “Dry” Sizes
What Is Particulate Matter?
Particulate Matter (PM) is the name given to a complex bunch of small, microscopic pollutants that float in the air. PM is commonly measured in microns or a micrometer. One micron is one-millionth of a meter. Particulates are often divided into two basic groups based on their size: PM10 (coarse) and PM2.5 (fine). These include pollution, dust, pollen, pet dander, viruses, bacteria, mold spores, and more.
“MORE THAN 9 OUT OF 10 OF THE WORLD’S POPULATION LIVE IN PLACES WHERE AIR POLLUTION EXCEEDS SAFE LIMITS.”
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION STATISTICS
“More than 150 million Europeans suffer from chronic allergic diseases and the current prediction is that by 2025 half of the entire EU population will be affected.”
“Airborne Pollution at PM2.5 ranks 5th worldwide among all risks (for premature death), including smoking, diet, and high blood pressure.”
State of Global Air, 2017
“In 2015, long-term exposure to PM2.5 contributed to 4.2 million deaths and to a loss of 103 million years of healthy life worldwide.”
State of Global Air, 2017
“In 2010, 11.1 million visits to physician offices resulted with a primary diagnosis of allergic rhinitis.”
Expected filtration Efficiency vs Application
The eye can see particles down to about 40 microns in size, but there are many smaller and potentially harmful ones floating in the air around us.
O2 Filtration Efficiency
*About the Condensation Effect
Particulate sizes shown in the chart above are typically given as the ‘dry’ size. Pollen, mold, bacteria, and viruses constantly absorb moisture from the air around them, which can significantly increase their size by 80-1000%*. The technical term for this process is the Condensation Effect. Since moisture can increase the size of particles, it further enhances the effectiveness of the filtration technology in O2 Nose Filters.
For reference, the eye of a needle is 1230 microns.
Allergic Reaction / Toxicity Testing
Performed by Pacific BioLabs • Cytotoxicity – Elution Test (MeM Extract) • ANSI / AAMI / ISO 10993-5: 2009
O2 Nose Filters are made with medical grade polymer. This material was tested by Pacific BioLabs to evaluate the cytotoxic potential of extracts of polymeric materials, or any other materials intended to be implanted in the human body or that may come into contact with body fluids or injectable solutions. This test was performed according to PBL SOP 15B-01 which follows procedures outlined in ISO 10993-5.
The test articles were not considered to have a cytotoxic effect (no reactivity) according to the qualitative evaluation of cells exposed to extracts based on the grading criteria in ANSI / AAMI / ISO 10993:2009.